Dating welsh houses
A class room typically had three rows of seats around the outside all facing in to the centre, and was often fitted with a gallery containing further seats.
(See also School Room.) Children in a class-room - taking turns doing exercises for warmth in winter, c.1890. Introduced in the late 1860s, and modelled on similar schemes in France, Germany and Switzerland, cottage homes were often set in rural locations away from the often poor conditions and malign influences of the union workhouse.
Groups or "families" of pauper children lived in 'villages' of purpose-built houses often set along a street or around a green.
(See also Rebecca Riots.) A typical 'Swing' letter. The Casual Poor (usually known just as "Casuals") were those to which a workhouse gave temporary accommodation for one or two nights.Unlike the easily copied potters marks used by other manufacturers, for example the crossed swords mark used by Meissen; the Sevres double L mark, or the Chelsea anchor mark.Early Wedgwood works may be unmarked, but the presence of the correct mark is an indication that the piece is genuine and should allow you to determine its true age.In the 1840s, there was a public scandal when it was discovered that malnourished inmates at Andover workhouse had been fighting over scraps of rotting meat left on some bones they were supposed to be crushing. It was intended to provide interesting and useful occupation such as knitting, embroidery or lace-making for non-able-bodied workhouse inmates who spent long hours confined to bed or in day rooms.Training in the various crafts was provided by outside volunteers and the costs were initially borne by Lady Brabazon.